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General Dictionaries and Encyclopeadias


EN>EN Encyclopedia Brittanica (1911 edition)
url: http://1911encyclopedia.org/
lang: EN>EN
kwd: encyclopedia brittanica, encyclopaedias
cmt: "Another problem with previous publications was the fairly unpleasant length of the articles. In contrast, this 11th edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica was written in journalistic style. Articles are in clear, concise English with a minimum of clutter, and not only was the 11th Edition easy to read, it was arranged in such a way as to invite idle browsing.
The 1911 encyclopedia was unfettered by pressure groups, had journalistic integrity and was open to a wide variety of philosophies. The 11th Edition is frank and honest in its articles on religious history, especially medieval church history. Women's suffrage was given a soapbox, as were many other controversial subjects of the day. Even W.E.B. DuBois, one of the earliest and most radical of civil rights leaders, was encouraged to put in his two cents worth."

PT   Brazil's "Biblioteca Nacional" on line
lang    PT
kwd     Brazil, library, Biblioteca Nacional, National Library
cmt     Treasure of the Brazilian culture, the 191-year-old Brazil's "Biblioteca Nacional" (National Library). Over 9 million documents available.
Particularly useful is the availability of the full text of rare items, untill now kept in safes and available only to qualified researchers, among which the original Mainz Bible (1462), one of the first printed books in the world.
Other documents are: the Portuguese Grammar by João de Barros, first grammar of the Portuguese  language (1539), Pero vaz de Caminha's letter, Carta da Lei Áurea and the first map (1562) on which Brazil is shown as America Brasillis.

PT>PT  Porto Editora Language Dictionary
URL: http://www.portoeditora.pt/dol
lang:   PT>PT_pt
kwd: general dictionary, language dictionary, European Portuguese
cmt:    Very good online version of European PT-PT dictionary.

IT>IT encyclopaedia & dictionaries
url: http://www.parolevive.it/
lang: IT>IT
kwd: encyclopaedia, encyclopedia, dictionary, quotations, quotes, proverbs, italian
src: Parolevive

EN>EN Longman Web Dictionary
url: http://www.longmanwebdict.com/
lang: EN>EN
kwd: general, English

EN>EN Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary
url: http://www1.oup.co.uk/elt/oald/
lang: EN>EN
kwd: Oxford, dictionary, English, general dictionary, language dictionary
cmt: handy and useful

EN>EN History
World History Archives

The Encyclopedia Britannica Guide to Black History

EN>EN Online Encarta Encyclopedia
url: http://encarta.msn.com/reference/
lang: EN>EN
kwd: encyclopedia, Encarta
src: MSN
cmt: a gateway to 17,000 articles, multimedia, a talking dictionary, and world atlas.

EN>EN Pocket Encarta Dictionary for Microsoft Reader (free)
url: http://www.microsoft.com/reader/download.asp
lang: EN>EN
kwd: English, general dictionary, language dictionary, Encarta
src: Encarta, MS
cmt: PDA, MS Reader and handheld users: MS is offering the pocket Encarta English Dictionary for free during a limited time. 80,000 definitions, 2,56MB file.

EN>EN The Century Dictionary Online
url: http://www.global-language.com/century/
lang: EN>EN
kwd: general, English, dictionary

EN>EN Defunct Site Retriever
url: http://www.archive.org/
lang: EN>EN
kwd: "Internet library, digital libraries, libraries, archive, archiving, researchers, historians, scholars, academic, preservation, Library of Congress, Smithsonian, National Museum of American History, Library of Alexandria, artifacts, snapshot, Internet in a Box, presidential elections,  Presidio,permanent, preserving a record, archives
cmt: "The Internet Archive is a 501(c)(3) public nonprofit that was founded to build an 'Internet library,' with the purpose of offering free and permanent access to historical digital collections for researchers, historians, and scholars.

FR>FR Encyclopaedia
lang: FR>FR
kwd: encyclopaedia, encyclopedia, encyclopaedic, encyclopedic
src: Universalis

FR>FR encyclopaedia
lang: FR>FR
kwd: encyclopaedia, encyclopedia
src: CLUB Internet

url: http://www.granddictionnaire.com/_fs_global_01.htm
lang: FR
cmt: Grand dictionnaire terminologique

ES>ES Dictionary of the Real Academia Espanola 22nd edition
url: http://www.rae.es
lang: ES>ES
kwd: Real Academia Espanola, general dictionary, language dictionary, Spanish
cmt: [Daryl Collard] "Earlier today on the Spanish<->English translators' discussion list Translist, a colleague in Santiago circulated the following information about on-line access to the Dictionary of the Real Academia Española. The tip about setting a "Link" in your web-browser so that it accesses the dictionary database directly is especially useful."

EN>EN The Hutchinson Family Encyclopedia (more advanced search - better link)
url: http://ebooks.whsmithonline.co.uk/
lang: EN>EN
kwd: family, encyclopedia
src: WHSmith
cmt: contains over four million words of information about a huge range of subjects - you can find out about everything from art to zoology. Over 18,000 authoritative articles are supported by pictures and sound, tables, in-depth essays, quotations, and amazing facts. Thousands of articles also include links to recommended Web sites, hand-picked byHutchinson Encyclopedia editors for their informative and educational content.

Online Dictionaries


PT>PT_br Aurelio Language Dictionary
url: http://www.uol.com.br/aurelio/
lang: PT>PT_br
kwd: Portuguese, language dictionary, general dictionary
cmt: Novo Aurelio is now online at the UOL website. I don't know if it's restricted to subscribers or not. At any rate, and IMHO, this is a very welcome addition to the UOL biblioteca. Also in this translator's opinion, the Aurelio is much better and a lot more comprehensive than the Michaelis dictionary also available at UOL, but is in serious risk of losing its supremacy as the most widely used general dictionary in Brazil now that it faces Houaiss as an oponent. Houaiss has been recently released as is now available in stores as a paper edition, but the CD-Rom is coming soon. I bought my Houaiss copy and I must say that it is an amazing piece of lexicography. It's really fabulous. I imagine that the Aurelio's going online move was probably motivated by the arrival of Houaiss, a very powerful competitor.



DE <>ES General dictionary
Technical and Business ES<>EN


DE<>PT Dictionary
lang: DE<>PT
kwd: general dictionary, verb conjugator, pronunciation guide, language dictionary
cmt: Here you will find an A-Z De/Pt dicionary, conjugation of verbs and a basic"Bildwörterbuch" among other things.

DicData (EN<>DE)
cmt: DicData ist das leistungsfähige Deutsch - Englisch - Deutsch Wörterbuch im Internet und auf CD-ROM. Das Programm enthält über 900 000 Vokabeln und Redewendungen.


LOGOS-Wörterbuch (many languages)

Encarta (Microsoft)

url: http://www.pons.de
lang: DE<>EN,  DE<>IT, DE<>ES, DE<>FR
src: PONS
kwd: general language dictionary, german, italian, english, french, spanish, context, examples

just one (changing) dictionary online at the time

ES<>FR General language dictionary
url: http://www.diccionarios.com/
lang: ES<>FRkwd: bilingual dictionary, dictionaries, French, Spanish
src: Diccionarios
cmt: bilingual general language dictionary

ES<>EN General Language Dictionary
url: http://www.diccionarios.com/
lang: ES<>EN
kwd: bilingual dictionaries, dictionary
src: Diccionarios
cmt: bilingual general language dictionary

DE<>IT general language dictionary
Ecco alcune URL di dizionari tedesco - italiano

DE<>EN Energy and electricity-related & general dictionaries
url: http://www.user.fh-stralsund.de/~emasch/800x600/index2.htm
lang: DE<>EN
kwd: technical dictionaries, energy, engineering, electricity
src: Elektrische Maschinen
cmt: Click on Wörterbücher. This page links to various bilingual German-English & English-German technical dictionaries (power electronics, electric power engineering, renewable energy, tv & video) as well as general German-English & English-German dictionaries that I have not seen on Glosspost yet!

EN_us>ES general english dictionary
URL: http://www.al-cielo.com/diccio/inicio.htm
KWD: general purpouse, student's dictionary, american english
CMT: Tip: go directly to the section you want by changing the name of the page (inicio.htm) by the initial (a.htm, b.htm, c.htm, d.htm ...).

FR<>IT Online Dictionary (DeAgostini)
url: http://www.lingue.deagostini.it/francese/index_voc.asp
lang: FR<>IT
kwd: language dictionary, French, Italian
cmt: DeAgostini (renowned Italian publisher)

RU<>EN General & specialized dictionaries
lang: RU<>EN
kwd: general dictionary
url: http://www.medialingua.ru/russian/
lang: RU<>EN
src: Multilex Online - En/Ru
kwd: general dictionary
url: http://isabase.philol.msu.ru/mu-online/
lang: RU<>EN
kwd: general dictionary
url: http://www.lingvo.ru/lingvo/index.asp
lang: RU<>EN
kwd: specialized dictionaries
cmt: Specialized Russian-English & English-Russian dictionaries with over
1,000,000 dictionary entries.
url: http://www.ling98.com/
lang: EN<>RU
kwd: general dictionary
src: Lingvistica '98 Inc.
cmt: The Comprehensive English-Russian-English Dictionary with 1,500,000 translations
url: http://www.langtolang.com/
lang: EN, TR, FR, ES, DE, IT, RU
kwd: general dictionary
RU>EN Wordlists and glossaries
url: http://www.rambler.ru/dict/enru/
lang: EN<>RU
kwd: Russian, word lists, dictionaries, glossaries